USS MONITOR and CSS MERRIMAC historic pictures of the ironclads USS MONITOR and CSS MERRIMAC
Picture Archives Klaus Kramer

Development and First Duel of two Ironclads


German version

The birth of the confederate ironclad C.S.S. VIRGINIA (or MERRIMAC)
Diver of the Confererated army are looking for the sunken MERRIMAC. SG000676
The three-masted wooden steam-frigate of the U.S. Navy MERRIMAC, launched 1855 in Boston. The ship was burning down 1861 during the Civil War at Norfolk. The remainder of her hull was rebuild by the Confederates to the ironclad CCS VIRGINIA, named also MERRIMAC. SG000419
The converted hull of the frigate MERRIMAC as ironclad C.S.S. VIRGINIA in a drydock at Norfolk 1862. L02962018
The shape of the confederate ironclad VIRGINIA (or MERRIMAC). L02795014
Sectional Views of the MERRIMAC during the building time. SG000634
The rebel steamer MERRIMAC, raceed, and ironclad. - From a sketch furnished by a mechanic who was employed on board. Engraving, published in November 1861 when the ship was build and before the ram launched. SG000631
More exact picture of the rebel steamer VIRGINIA (MEERRIMACK). Drawn by an officer of the ROANOKE. Engraving April 1862. SG000625

The arise of the Ericsson steam battery U.S.S. MONITOR
The Swedish-American inventor of the U.S. Navy Steamship MONITOR John Ericsson. Engraving 1841. L02511001
John Ericsson. Engraving 1862. SG000641
Pencil sketch by Ericsson, giving a traverse section of his first MONITOR plan of 1854 with a longitudinal section drawn over it. L02511238
Pencil drawing of Ericssons first MONITOR of 1854. L02511239
Ericssons realized steam battery of 1862. October 4th 1861 Ericsson got the contract to build an iroclad shot-proof steam battery for the U.S. Navy. A sea speed of eight knots per hour for twelfe hours was specified. The price was $275,000. L02518083
Drawing of John Ericssons first ironclad idea of 1854. L02518083a
December 1861, one month before the U.S.S. MONITOR launched, Harper´s Weekly published this engravings of Ericssons steel-plated battery, which was in process of construction at the Continental Iron Works at Greenpoint, Long Island. SG000611
The Ericsson-battery MONITOR was launched at Greenpoint January 30, 1862. The extreme length was 172 feet; extreme beam 41 feet 6 inches; depth of hold , 10 feet 6 inches; mean draft, 10 feet 6 inches; inside diameter of turret, 20 feet; hight of turret, 9 feet; displacement, 987 tons. L02962040
The Ericsson steel-clad battery MONITOR. Engraving 1862. SG000629
This engraving of the Ericsson battery was published in a French magazin: "Le MONITOR. - Cuirassé américain." SG000612
Captain´s Cabin. Engraving, 1862. SG000619
Ward-room at the MONITOR. SG000622
Berth-deck of the MONITOR. Engraving 1862. SG000620 Kitchen and turret machinery. Engraving 1862. SG000623
Weel house of the MONITOR. Engraving 1862. SG000618 Interior of the tower. Engraving 1862. SG000617
The MONITOR redy for action. Engraving 1862. SG000621
Lieut. John L. Worden, U.S.N., commanding the Erisson floating batterie MONITOR. Engraving 1862. SG000630

the worlds first duel of two ironclads
Naval engagement in Hampton Roads: The confederate iron-platet steamer MERRIMAC (or VIRGINIA) running into the federal sloop CUMBERLAND. Engraving 1862. SG000626
The Rebel steamer MERRIMAC running downthe frigate CUMBERLAND off Newport News. Engraving 1862. SG000636
MERRIMAC sink the US-ship CUMBERLAND. Engraving 1862. SG000698 The fight between MONITOR and MERRIMAC. SG000698
The Ericsson battery MONITOR driving off the MERRIMAC. Engraving 1862. SG000637
Fight in Hampton Roads beteween the federal floating battery MONITOR and the confederate iron-plated steamer MERRIMAC (or VIRGINIA). Engraving 1862. SG000633
Battle between the MONITOR and MERRIMAC: Hampton Roads, Virginia, March 9, 1862. Engraving 1862. L02511288
Naval conflict in Hampton Roads - action between the MONITOR and MERRIMAC. Engraving 1862. SG000613
Terrific combat between the MONOTOR 2 guns and MERRIMAC 10 guns. L03285306
The tower of the MONITOR after the fight. Photography. SG000729

The end of the MERRIMAC and the Ericsson batterie U.S.S. MONITOR
When Norfolk was evacuated by the Confederates, on 10th May 1862, the further disposition of the MERRIMAC became a problem. The ship was lightened three feet to take her up the James, but the pilot refused to attempt this. The commander blow the MERRIMAC up in the morning of 11. May 1862. Engraving 1862. SG000816
In December 1862 the MONITOR went under tow, pulled by the paddle-weel steamer RHODE ISLAND, south to Wilmington in North Carolina. During a hurricane the battery take water and sunk ten miles east of Cape Hatteras in North Carolina. Engraving 1862. SG000627 Some of the sinking MONITORs crew escaped to the RHODE ISLAND, but sixteen men died when the battery sank. Engraving 1862. L02962071

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